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Shrinivas Badiger


Centre for Interdisciplinary Studies in Environment and Development

Ph.D in Soil and Water Resources Engineering, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, USA, 2001. Eng.Water Engineering and Management, Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok, Thailand, 1994. B.Tech., Agricultural Engineering, University of Agricultural Sciences at Dharwad, India, 1991.


Shrinivas is primarily interested in land-water related issues including smallholder technologies for land and water management, surface and ground water interaction, water resources management, GIS/RS applications in water resources, computational methods and mathematical modeling of hydrologic systems.

Ongoing Studies

  • Watershed Research Network: Multi-locational, Multi-disciplinary Research and Outreach on Watershed Development in Dry and Semi-Arid Regions of India. The project involves (1) developing a better understanding as to what constitutes success in watershed development and what factors influence its achievement (2) influencing the policy and practice of watershed development projects at both central and state levels, and (3) contributing to building capacity for improved research and monitoring of watershed development.
  • Development of Tools and Methodologies to Implement the Payment for Environmental Services Concept in Watershed in India, in collaboration with the Norwegian Institute for Water Research, Oslo (NIVA). The proposed project will integrate both the physical and economic aspects of water resource management at the sub-basin level in Karnataka. The first part of the study involves the development of an integrated hydrological-economic analysis framework for the Malaprabha sub-basin, using the existing data on water resources allocation and utilization. The second part of the study would involve the modelling of compensations/payments for environmental services (PES/CES) in smaller watersheds within the river basin. This will include development of PES toolbox and its testing in case study areas. This approach will enable stakeholders to make informed decisions regarding the protection of upstream land resources while choosing from a range of scenarios to reallocate water across the sub-basin.

Recently Completed Studies

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  • Integrated River Basin Modeling: Developing an integrated hydrologic-economic model for a closed/semi-closed peninsular river basin in India that incorporates the RS data and GIS techniques, and social-economic understanding of land-water use practices and water allocation processes; and to explore the inter- and intra-sectoral impacts of changes in hydrologic budgets and water allocation practices and policies, and the implications in terms of economic welfare, equity, and long-term sustainability in the basin.
  • Quantification of the watershed service impacts of changes in land-use/ land-cover in the Western Ghats relative to existing land-uses in physical and socio-economic terms. The project involves conducting an overall assessment of the trade-offs between these various land-uses in terms of hydrologic regime changes vis-a-vis those in other forest ecosystem goods and services, thus improving current understanding of the nature of the synergies and conflicts between forest cover and use, watershed services and people’s livelihoods.
  • Poverty-Focused Smallholder Water Management: Promoting Innovative Water Harvesting and Irrigation Systems to Support Sustainable Livelihoods. May 2001 - June 2003.

Case Studies:

  • Assessment of Rainwater Harvesting for Groundwater Recharge in Alwar District, Rajasthan: Impact of traditional water structures in augmenting groundwater recharge and improving food security.
  • Assessment of five percent technology, Purulia, West Bengal: Impact of contiguous and random treatment of uplands in securing water for kharif paddy.
  • Assessment of low cost drip irrigation technology on improving vegetable productivity in Daliekh, Palpa and Tanahun districts in Western Nepal.

Full list of Publications

  • Joy, K. J., Shah, A., Paranjape, S., Badiger, S.M., and Lélé, S., 2006. Issues in Restructuring, Economic and Political Weekly, XLI (27 and 28): 2994-2996. (Pdf file, 20.3 KB)
  • Joy, K. J., Shah, A., Paranjape, S., Badiger, S., and Lélé, S., (2005), “Reorienting the Watershed Development Programme in India; Approaches, Outcomes & Impact Assessment”,Occasional Paper , Society for Promoting Participative Ecosystem Management, Pune, Gujarat Institute of Development Research, Ahmedabad and Centre for Interdisciplinary Studies in Environment and Development, Bangalore, 2005. [Full Report: Pdf file, 217 KB]
  • Badiger, S. M., 2002. The Paal Revolution: Reviving Rajasthan’s traditional rainwater harvesting structures for augmenting groundwater recharge,Improving Water and Land Resource Management for Food, Livelihoods and Nature. IWMI Annual Research Report 2001-2002.
  • Badiger, S. M., and R. A. Cooke. 2002. Numerical simulation of tile drainage in cracking field soils, Proceedings, International Groundwater Symposium: Bridging the Gap between Measurement and Modeling in Heterogeneous Media. March 25-28, 2002; Berkeley, California, USA.
  • Badiger, S. M., and R. A. Cooke. 2002. Simulating drain flows from irregularly-spaced field drains installed in silty clay loam soils, Proceedings, Remote Sensing and Modeling Applications for Natural Resource Management: Transferring Knowledge from Laboratory to Field and Landscapes, Volume 32. March 10-13, 2002, Mississippi State University, Mississippi, Mississippi State, USA.
  • Badiger, S. M. and N. Aloysius. Drought proofing arid region agricultural production: Impact of rainwater harvesting structures on augmenting in situ soil moisture storage and groundwater recharge in Alwar, Rajasthan.
  • Badiger, S. M., R. Sakthivadivel, N. Aloysius and H. Sally. 2001. Preliminary assessment of a traditional approach to rainwater harvesting and artificial recharging of groundwater in Alwar district, Rajasthan, Proceedings,ICAR-IWMI Policy Dialogue on Groundwater Management, November 6-7, 2001. Central Soil Salinity Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana State, India.
  • Cooke, R. A., S. M. Badiger and A. M. Garcia. 2001. Drainage equations for random and irregular tile drainage systems, Agricultural Water Management, 48(3):207-224.
  • Cooke, R. A., S M Badiger and A. M Garcia. 2000. Development of watershed-scale hydrologic models for watersheds with artificial subsurface drainage systems, Proceedings, 2000 International Binghamton Geomorphology Symposium on Integration of Computer Modeling and Field Observations in Geomorphology. October 13 - 15, Binghamton, New York: Binghamton University.
  • Badiger, S.M. and R.A. Cooke. 2000. Application of integrated GIS and numerical models in subsurface drainage studies, Proceedings,Fourth International Conference on Integrating GIS and Environmental Modeling, September 2-8, 2000, Banff, Canada: National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis. CD.
  • Badiger, S.M. and R.A. Cooke and A.M. Garcia. 2000. Evaluation of two-dimensional variably saturated model SWMS-2D for simulating subsurface drainage.ASAE Paper No. 00-2094. St. Joseph, Michigan: ASAE.
  • Cooke, R.A., A.M. Garcia and S.M. Badiger. 2000. Modeling rapid interflow into random and irregular tile drainage systems, Proceedings, Tenth Illinois Groundwater Consortium Annual Conference on Research on Agricultural Chemicals in Illinois Groundwater: Status and Future Directions. April 13, 2000, Carbondale, Illinois: Office of Research Development and Administration, Southern Illinois University.
  • Badiger, S.M., V.V.N. Murty and R.A.Cooke. 1997. A comparative study of the methods for the design of level basin irrigation systems,ASAE Paper No. 97-2185, St. Joseph, Michigan: ASAE.

Other Research/ Project Reports and Presentations

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  • Section contributions to background paper for world water development report. Water quality degradation; Water for rainfed agriculture; Water for environment, in: Molden, D.; U. Amarasinghe; M. Bhattarai; J. Wang; I. Makin. 2002. Water and food security: Comprehensive Assessment Research Paper 2 (Draft). Colombo, Sri Lanka: Comprehensive Assessment Secretariat.
  • Badiger, S. M. and I. Kalu. 2002. Impact assessment of low-cost drip irrigation kits amongst vegetable growers of Daliekh, Palpa and Tanahun districts in Western Nepal. Unpublished Report. IWMI, Colombo, Sri Lanka. Draft.
  • Badiger, S.M., S. Ghose and N. Aloysius. 2001. Five percent technology: Sociopolitical and economic profile of on-farm rainwater harvesting in Purulia, West Bengal-India. Unpublished Report. IWMI, Colombo, Sri Lanka. Draft.
  • Badiger, S.M. 1999. Evaluation of spatial interpolation techniques used to describe spatial variability of rainfall in GIS based hydrologic models. Research report. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois.
  • Badiger, S.M. 1998. Dynamics of gully and stream erosion. Project report. Department of Agricultural Engineering, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois.
  • Badiger, S.M. 1998. Application of SWAT: Soil and Water Assessment Tool. Project report. Department of Agricultural Engineering, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois.
  • Badiger, S.M and T. A. Hauser. 1997. Hydrologic component for modeling nitrate-N losses. Research report. Department of Geography, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois.
  • Badiger, S.M. 1994. Environmental implications of water resources development in developing countries of South Asia. Project report. Continuing Education Center, Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok, Thailand.

Professional Activities

  • ASAE-Society for Engineering in Agricultural, Food and Biological Systems, Alpha Epsilon Illinois chapter (Agricultural Engineering Honor Society) bullet
  • AGU-American Geophysical Union
  • IWRA-International Water Resources Association
  • Executive Body Member: AHI-Association of Hydrologists of India.